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    來源:http://www.guanyinhuofo.com  發布時間:2021-12-07 17:02:56

    (一)建立和完善防二氧化碳、硫化氫中毒、防窒息事故的安全管理制度,配備相 應的安全防護器材。有關單位要對本單位產生和容易積存二氧化碳、硫化氫的裝置、 設備、設施和部位等進行檢查,建立作業前的中毒和窒息危害辨識、檢測制度、 進入密閉空間或受限空間作業前的氣體采樣分析制度等。凡有進入坑、池、溝、井下、 管道等存在或可能存在二氧化碳、硫化氫氣體的密閉空間、通風不暢的場所作業的, 都應制定作業許可程序、作業安全規程、安全措施和應急預案,明確作業負責人、作 業人員和外部監護人員的職責;不得將進入井下、溝池、管道等有可能產生硫化氫等 有毒氣體的場所的清淤作業項目,發包給不具備有關條件的單位和個人。
    (1) Establish and improve the safety management system against carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide poisoning and asphyxiation accidents, and equip corresponding safety protection equipment. Relevant units shall inspect the devices, equipment, facilities and key parts of the unit that produce and are easy to accumulate carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, and establish the identification and detection system of poisoning and suffocation hazards before operation, and the gas sampling and analysis system before operation in confined space or confined space. Work permit procedures, work safety regulations, safety measures and emergency plans shall be formulated for all operations in confined spaces and poorly ventilated places where there is or may be carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide gas in pits, pools, ditches, underground and pipelines, and the responsibilities of the person in charge of the operation, operators and external supervisors shall be clarified; It is not allowed to contract out the desilting operation projects entering underground, ditches, pools, pipelines and other places that may produce toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide to units and individuals without relevant conditions.
    (二)對作業場所進行全面排查,可能產生二氧化碳、硫化氫等有毒氣體的場所必 須懸掛防中毒警示標志。要把作業現場的危險因素告知作業人員,作業現場應具有對 有害氣體濃度、氧含量等進行檢測的手段。要為作業人員配備便攜式報警儀、滿足實 際需要的氧氣呼吸器或長管呼吸器,配備救護帶、救護索等防護設施。
    (2) Conduct a comprehensive investigation of the workplace. Places that may produce toxic gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide must hang anti poisoning warning signs. The operators shall be informed of the dangerous factors on the operation site, and the operation site shall have the means to detect the concentration of harmful gas and oxygen content. The operators shall be equipped with portable alarm, oxygen respirator or long tube respirator meeting the actual needs, and protective facilities such as rescue belt and rescue rope.
    (三)進入井下、溝池、管道等有可能產生二氧化碳、硫化氫有毒氣體場所進行作 業的施工隊伍進行施工作業前應向行業主管部門履行告知登記手續,無主管上級單位 的施工隊伍應向所在地區縣安全監管部門履行告知登記手續。不具備安全資質或未履 行告知登記手續的施工隊伍禁止從事清淤作業。發承包雙方應按照安全生產有關規定 簽訂安全生產協議,明確各自的安全管理職責。發包單位應對承包單位進行監督、管 理。同時,告知承包方工作場所存在的危險因素,要求承包方制定許可作業程序,并 保證作業條件達到要求后,方可批準作業。
    (3) Construction teams entering underground, ditches, pools, pipelines and other places that may produce toxic gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide shall perform notification and registration procedures with the competent department of the industry before construction. Construction teams without competent superior units shall perform notification and registration procedures with the local county safety supervision department. The construction team without safety qualification or failing to fulfill the notification and registration procedures shall not engage in dredging operations. The employer and the Contractor shall sign a work safety agreement in accordance with the relevant provisions of work safety to clarify their respective safety management responsibilities. The employer shall supervise and manage the contractor. At the same time, inform the contractor of the dangerous factors existing in the workplace, require the contractor to formulate permit operation procedures and ensure that the operation conditions meet the requirements before approving the operation.
    (四)作業時指定專人監護,遇險時科學施救。進行危險作業時,要安排有應急救 援知識的現場安全監護人員,并為其配備通訊、救援設備。現場安全監護人員負責檢 查作業人員佩戴防護用具和了解應急預案的情況,提前告知作業人員可能遇到的危險 因素、緊急情況下的呼救方式和逃生方式,落實監督安全措施,及時制止不安全行為。 作業過程中,現場安全監護人不得擅自離崗。當發生二氧化碳、硫化氫等有毒氣體中 毒時,要沉著應對,冷靜處理,及時報警,尋求救護;救援者應佩帶防護面 具實施救援,禁止不具備條件的盲目施救,避免傷亡擴大。 各單位要以對人民生命安全高度負責的精神,充分認識到開展專項安全工作,是減 少隱患、遏制事故、防止群死群傷的一項重要措施,務必切實抓緊抓好一切安全。
    (4) Assign a special person to monitor the operation and rescue scientifically in case of danger. In case of dangerous operation, on-site safety supervisors with emergency rescue knowledge shall be arranged and equipped with communication and rescue equipment. The on-site safety supervisor is responsible for checking the operators' wearing of protective equipment and understanding the emergency plan, informing the operators of possible risk factors, call for help and escape methods in case of emergency in advance, implementing supervision safety measures and stopping unsafe behaviors in time. During the operation, the on-site safety supervisor shall not leave the post without authorization. In case of toxic gas poisoning such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide, deal with it calmly, call the police in time and seek professional rescue; Rescuers shall wear professional protective masks to carry out rescue. It is forbidden to blindly rescue those who do not meet the conditions to avoid the expansion of casualties. In the spirit of being highly responsible for the safety of people's lives, all units should fully realize that carrying out special safety work is an important measure to reduce hidden dangers, curb accidents and prevent mass casualties. They must pay close attention to all safety.
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